The authors of this study used a similar method as I did to research ‘languaging’, or explicit talk about language, between students carrying out a collaborative writing task. They were able to gather a robust set of data by recording and transcribing the talk of four pairs of students on multiple occasions. Interestingly, as the pairs were comprised of students from either Malaysia or Iran they were able to draw some conclusions about the extent to which educational background and the status of English in the home country affected what the students discussed. The students from an EFL background that strongly emphasised grammar and translation were far more likely to talk about grammar, lexis, and mechanics.
This could be useful to know if working with a group of students from the same country of origin; or if doing collaborative activities with a mixed class it might suggest deliberately mixing nationalities to access a range of educational backgrounds. I might return to my data and look more closely at what specific students discussed and if there are any patterns linked to country of origin.